Baklava is a family dessert that has been around for centuries and can be found in many different cultures. Ottoman empire was a multicultural empire, and Turks, Greeks, Arabs, Bulgarians, Russians, Armenians, Kurds, Persians, Lebanese, Albanians, and Hungarians created this delight of the world together.
There are dozens of different types of baklava and recipes, so feel free to experiment with your favorite ingredients. Don’t feel like you have to stick with the same one over and over again. Mix it up! You might find something new or even your favorite baklava type out there waiting for you to try it
What are the components of Turkish baklava
Baklava is a sweet dessert pastry made of layers of filo dough (phyllo dough) filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey, syrup, or milk. Baklava is an ancient food that originated in the Middle East, but many baklava types are now available worldwide!
The sweet, crispy baklava we know and love comes in a variety of different flavors in every city in the world. Some differ because they are made with different nuts like pistachios or walnuts, while others have unique recipes such as Sütlü Nuriye, in which milk is mixed with syrup and added to the filo dough after it’s baked.
- The most famous Pistachio Baklava
Pistachio baklava is the most popular and original type of baklava. One bite will have you hooked! Initially developed in Turkey and Syria, pistachio baklava is a rich and sweet pastry made of 40 thin layers of dough (phyllo) filled with ground pistachios.
It’s not just the sweet taste of baklava that makes it so appealing; the variety of pistachios used in it also makes a big difference. The pistachios used in this dessert are baby pistachios instead of regular full-grown ones like what you would find in a supermarket. This is because baby pistachios are greener and have more flavor and fewer tannins. The best pistachios suitable for baklava grow in Turkey, Syria, and Iran.
Pistachio baklava, with its fantastic blend of crunchy nuts and crispy pastry, has been the most popular baklava type since medieval times.
- Walnut Baklava
While pistachios grow only in a handful of countries, walnuts can be grown nearly anywhere. This is why walnut baklava is one of the most popular baklava types in the world.
Walnuts are finely crushed before they’re dusted between the layers of this baklava. They offer a unique flavor that is both earthy and tangy, making for an overall gentle taste on your palette.
Just like the pistachio version, this one is also offered in many restaurants around the world and is equally delicious.
- Chocolate Baklava
Chocolate Baklava is a new type of baklava in Turkey and has been popping up mostly around touristy areas. Although it’s gaining popularity among locals, many Turks still have yet to try this delicious dessert out for themselves!
However, if you are sensitive to excessive sugar and chocolate is not your flavor, this won’t be your favorite baklava.
Carrot Slice Baklava)
As the name suggests, this baklava is prepared in a large tray and then cut into shapes similar to carrots. Therefore, it has a larger serving on the plate.
Carrot slice baklava can be made with walnut or pistachio filling. It is popular baklava, and you can easily find it in every baklava store in Turkey.
Dondurma (Turkish ice cream) or fresh cream is the perfect complement to carrot slice baklava; you can open up your baklava and place your dondurma, making it a delectable sandwich.
Pistachio Wrap or Pistachio rolls
Finely chopped pistachios are wrapped in an extremely thin and transparent filo dough and soaked in sugar syrup. This is one of the baklava varieties that tastes nothing like traditional pastry-based baklava but more like a pistachio energy bar.
Its shiny green color makes it quite appealing, and it is as delicious as it looks.
Meet the new style Turkish baklava “Midye Baklava”. This design is trendy nowadays in baklava shops. It has “kaymak” cream filling with walnuts or pistachios.
The appealing look of mussle baklava encourages many restaurant owners to include it in their menus. Inevitably, the scrumptious taste and crispy texture will tempt you to overeat.